Short Description of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is a state located in Northern India. The state was created on 1st April 1937 and named as the “United Provinces”, and in 1950 it was renamed as “Uttar Pradesh”. It is the largest state of India in terms of population, with a population of over 190 million. Its capital is Lucknow. It always has the supremacy over Lok Sabha because it has maximum no. of Lok Sabha seats viz 90 from the total of 545. The state university is the biggest technical university of Asia having 800 colleges(approx) affliated to it. It holds the 3rd largest economy in India. The world’s longest railway station is in this state which is Gorakhpur Railway Station. The state ranks first in domestic tourist arrivals. It also has India’s longest six-lane expressway stretch that is “Yamuna Expressway”. Apart from all this it offers many tourist places which includes historical, religious, natural and man-made tourist destinations. Here are some top tourist cities of Uttar Pradesh.
Agra is a major tourist destination with home to four UNESCO World Heritage Sites viz Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Sikandra & Fatehpur Sikri. It is also home to other beautiful Mughal buildings like Akbar’s Tomb, Itmad-Ud-Daulah, etc. Agra is known for its culture, art, and religious philosophies. The Taj Mahal in Agra is the most popular monument in India and is considered as one of the seven wonders in the World. The carving on marble shows the great architecture of buildings. It is 363 kms away from the state capital, Lucknow and 200 kms away from the national capital Delhi.
More about Taj Mahal & Agra Fort.
Mathura & Vrindavan
Both Mathura & Vrindavan have temples dedicated to Lord Krishna. Mathura is famous as the birth place of Lord Krishna. It is located at a distance of 145 kms from Delhi and 58 kms from Agra. Vrindavan is located at a distance of 15 kms from Mathura. These both cities are considered as the temple site of India as it houses some of the most renowned temples of India. Mathura city is considered as one of the seven sacred cities of India for followers of Hinduism. Some of the leading tourist destinations in Mathura & Vrindavan are Krishna Janam Bhoomi, Jama Masjid, Dwarkadhish Temple, Govardhan Hill, Iskcon Temple, Bankey Bihari Temple, Prem Mandir, Pagal Baba Mandir, etc.
Other Pilgrimage Sites in India.
|Bara Imambara, Lucknow|
It is the capital of Uttar Pradesh. It was the capital of Nawabs of Awadh that is why it is known as “The City of Nawabs”. It is home to many great architectures and tourist places such as Bara Imambara, Chhota Imambara, Lucknow Zoo, Hazratganj, Constantia House, etc.
Varanasi (also called Kashi and Benares) is considered to be the second oldest city in the world after Jerusalem. Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi is considered as one of the 12 Jyotirling temples in India, which is one of the most sacred of Hindu Temples. It is also called the Religious Capital of India. The major tourist locations in Varanasi are Ashoka Pillars, Kashi Vishwanath Temple, Sarnath, Archaeological Museum, Ramnagar Fort, Chunar Fort, etc.
|Yamuna Bridge at Allahabad|
Allahabad is located at a distance of 128 kms from Varanasi and is also known as “Prayag”. It is the place where river Ganges, Yamuna and Saraswati meet. It is famous for its Kumbh Mela, a festival is organised in a larger scale every 12th year which attracts millions of people. Its famous tourist destination are Sangam(where Ganges, Yamuna & Saraswati rivers meet), Allahabad Fort, Allahabad Museum, Anand Bhawan, etc.